Parenteral Nutrition - also known as 'intravenous feeding' - is a method of getting nutrition directly into the blood circulation, bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. Parenteral Nutrition is delivered via a catheter inserted into a peripheral or central vein. Parenteral Nutrition is needed when a patient is unable to obtain sufficient nutrition through normal food, ONS or tube feeding. For instance indications for Parenteral Nutrition include gastrointestinal failure which can occur after surgery or in critically ill patients, short bowel syndrome, intestinal obstruction, a fistula in the gastrointestinal tract, cancer patients with severe mucositis or premature infants.
Home Parenteral Nutrition
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is defined as parenteral nutrition administered outside the hospital, either at home or at nursing home.
HPN is an integral part of the management of adults and children for all where food and fluids cannot be absorbed normally or if oral/enteral feeding is not possible or sufficient. HPN is considered a valid option for improving quality of life in patients whose conditions require long-term parenteral nutrition.
For instance, home parenteral nutrition may allow patients to manage their needs for additional nutritional intake outside the hospital. For certain patients this may mean in practice:
- less pressure to eat in sufficient quantities
- ability to perform daily activities, including family life
- ability to work
- ability to travel
- increased independence in daily life
To know more about HPN you can read MNI Frequently Asked Questions here: